With a whopping 3,436 species, South America is home to the highest diversity of birds in the world. According to Lindblad Expeditions Naturalist Mike Greenfelder, it is, “without a doubt the Bird Continent.” The rainforests of the mainland, some 15,800 miles of coastline, the tropical islands, the windswept Patagonian steppe, and the Andes mountain range converge to create an immensely broad range of habitats for the local avifauna. From enormous seabirds to thumb-sized hummingbirds and on to parrots and penguins, these 10 standout South American species deserve a spot on every birder's list. Get Inspired By Photos, Videos, Webinars, Stories, And Exclusive Offers. Sign Up